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Research Article |

Enhancing Residential Security Systems: Integrating GSM Technology and Phone Call Alerts

In an era marked by increased interconnectedness, the imperative to safeguard homes and businesses against security breaches has grown exponentially. Recent insights into burglary patterns reveal that conventional security measures are often insufficient to deter intruders. Unlocked doors and windows become vulnerabilities, and even household pets are not immune to the tactics of savvy burglars armed with dog treats. To address these evolving security challenges and provide an advanced and responsive solution, this research endeavours to design and construct a residential intruder alarm system using GSM technology, introducing an innovative approach by employing phone calls for real-time alerts. Leveraging innovative sensors and communication protocols, this system promptly detects and reports unauthorized access, offering users real-time remote monitoring capabilities. The project's objectives encompass system design and integration, reliable intrusion detection mechanisms, remote alerting via phone calls through a GSM module, and rigorous testing and validation. The Wireless Intruder Alarm System, developed, has yielded promising results in addressing security concerns and providing an efficient solution for intrusion detection and notification. Motion detection, the core functionality of the system, has proven highly effective, with the PIR (Passive Infrared) sensor consistently detecting motion within its defined field of view. Upon detection, the system promptly triggers the alarm, providing a swift response to potential intrusions. The significant innovation introduced in this project lies in the utilization of phone calls as a means of alerting users when an intruder is detected. This departure from traditional SMS notifications addresses the drawbacks associated with text-based alerts. Phone calls are inherently more immediate and attention-grabbing, ensuring that users are promptly informed of security incidents. The research highlights the value of this innovative approach by emphasizing the immediacy, audibility, and effectiveness of phone calls, particularly in urgent security scenarios. This ground-breaking integration of phone call alerts enhances the overall responsiveness of the intruder alarm system. It ensures that users receive timely and attention-commanding notifications, thereby facilitating quicker responses to potential security threats. The abstraction from SMS to phone calls represents a significant stride in optimizing notification methods, addressing user preferences, timeliness, privacy concerns, and cost considerations. This research contributes valuable insights into the realm of security systems, paving the way for enhanced and user-centric approaches in fortifying homes and businesses against intrusions.

Intruder Alarm System, GSM Technology, Residential Security, Phone Call Alerts, Motion Detection, PIR Sensor, Innovative Sensors, Real-Time Monitoring, Security Challenges

APA Style

Nnenna, E. J., Chukwubueze, O. E., Vincent, A. O. (2024). Enhancing Residential Security Systems: Integrating GSM Technology and Phone Call Alerts. Innovation, 5(1), 54-59.

ACS Style

Nnenna, E. J.; Chukwubueze, O. E.; Vincent, A. O. Enhancing Residential Security Systems: Integrating GSM Technology and Phone Call Alerts. Innovation. 2024, 5(1), 54-59. doi: 10.11648/j.innov.20240501.15

AMA Style

Nnenna EJ, Chukwubueze OE, Vincent AO. Enhancing Residential Security Systems: Integrating GSM Technology and Phone Call Alerts. Innovation. 2024;5(1):54-59. doi: 10.11648/j.innov.20240501.15

Copyright © 2024 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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